The conception of the institute covers wide spectrum of science and technology:
•Nuclear physics, radiation materials science and technologies;
•Solid body physics, semiconductors and superconductors physics;
•Semiconducting, thermoelectric and optoelectronic instrument-making;
•Quantum radiophysics, laser, electric and electronic systems;
•Cryogenic technique and technologies, nanomaterials and nanotechnologies;
•Chemical technologies, new compositions and ceramic materials (i.e. On the basis of local raw materials);
•Environmental protection problems, i.e., researching radioactive contamination, monitoring and methods to reduce and non-proliferate pollution through the environment.